Asian Nurs Res.  2019 Oct;13(4):236-241. 10.1016/j.anr.2019.09.001.

Effectiveness of an Intravenous Protection Device in Pediatric Patients on Catheter Dwell Time and Phlebitis Score

Affiliations
  • 1Fundamentals of Nursing Department, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Istanbul University-CerrahpaÅŸa, Istanbul, Turkey. fundabuyukyilmaz@hotmail.com, feyilmaz@istanbul.edu.tr
  • 2Pediatric Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Science, KaramanoÄŸlu Mehmetbey University, Karaman, Turkey.
  • 3Pediatric Nursing Department, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Istanbul University-CerrahpaÅŸa, Istanbul, Turkey.
  • 4Fundamentals of Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Science, KaramanoÄŸlu Mehmetbey University, Karaman, Turkey.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The study aimed to examine the efficacy of the I.V. House UltraDressing for protecting peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs) in pediatric patients.
METHODS
This randomized controlled trial comprised 60 pediatric patients (aged 2e24 months): 30 in the experimental group and 30 in the control group. The PIVC dwell time and phlebitis scores were also reported for both groups. The degree of phlebitis was determined using the Visual Infusion Phlebitis Scale (VIPS) and was recorded every 8 hours from the start of antibiotic therapy until catheter removal.
RESULTS
The mean catheter dwell time in the experimental group (2.10 ± 1.55 days) was significantly longer than that in the control group (1.27 ± 0.45 days) (p < .01). However, there were no significant differences between the scores and signs of phlebitis in both groups (p > .05).
CONCLUSION
The I.V. House UltraDressing is a useful device that can be used to increase catheter dwell time and protect and stabilize PIVCs in pediatric patients.

Keyword

catheterization; patient safety; pediatric nursing; phlebitis
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