Psychiatry Investig.  2019 Nov;16(11):793-799. 10.30773/pi.2019.0061.

Normative Data for the Logical Memory Subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale-IV in Middle-Aged and Elderly Korean People

  • 1Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  • 2Institute of Human Behavioral Medicine, Medical Research Center, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  • 3Premedical Science, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.
  • 4Department of Neuropsychiatry, SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  • 5Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  • 6Department of Psychiatry, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.


The purpose of this study is to identify the demographic variables that are affecting performances on the Logical Memory (LM) subtest included in the Korean version of the Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS)-IV and to provide normative data on the LM subtest for the middle-age and elderly Korean people.
The participants were 435 non-demented adults aging from 50 to 90 and with the educational level ranging from 0 to 21 years.
Age and education were found to be significantly associated with performance on the LM subtest, while gender effect was not statistically significant. Therefore, we stratified the norm blocks by age and education. Age was divided into three groups: 50-59, 60-74, and 75-90 years. Education was stratified into three groups: 0-8 years, 9-12 years, and 13 years or more.
The normative data provided in the current study are expected to be useful in clinical and research settings to detect or define subtle changes in episodic memory in Korean adults and elderly, and can also be used for cross-cultural comparison of verbal episodic memory performance among elderly populations using different languages.


Normative data; Korean; Logical Memory subtest; WMS-IV
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