J Korean Soc Matern Child Health.  2019 Oct;23(4):220-231. 10.21896/jksmch.2019.23.4.220.

Influencing Factors on Infant Mothers' Happiness

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Kyungnam College of Information & Technology, Busan, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Kosin University, Busan, Korea. hhuna@kosin.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study aimed to provide preliminary data for a nursing intervention plan to promote happiness of mothers with infants. Therefore, factors affecting happiness of mothers with infants were investigated.
METHODS
Subjects were 142 mothers with children aged 1 to 3 years, in daycare centers and kindergartens located in Busan metropolitan city. Data were collected using self-reported questionnaires.
RESULTS
Pressures pertaining to the parental role and distress related to subfactors of parenting stress, leisure activity (among subfactors of fathers' involvement in parenting), and marital satisfaction were significant predictors of happiness for mothers with infants. These variables explained 47.6% of the differences in happiness of mothers with infants.
CONCLUSION
Based on the above results, mothers with infants are happier when pressure and distress from parenting decrease and leisure activities resulting from fathers' involvement in parenting and marital satisfaction increase. Therefore, to increase the happiness of mothers with infants, the development of a nursing intervention program is necessary. Specific goals of the program should include promoting leisure activity (as fathers become more involved in parenting), decreasing distress from parenting, and improving marital satisfaction levels.

Keyword

Father; Infant; Involvement; Happiness; Mother; Parenting
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