J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.  2019 Nov;58(4):277-283. 10.4306/jknpa.2019.58.4.277.

Child Abuse in Psychiatrist's Perspective

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea. hyoungyoon@ajou.ac.kr
  • 2Sunflower Center of Southern Gyeonggi for Women and Children Victims of Violence, Suwon, Korea.

Abstract

Child abuse is a serious public health problem that can lead to compromised development, various psychopathologies, and subsequent health morbidities. In 2014, mandatory reporting of child abuse by physicians was enacted, but the rate of child abuse reporting by physicians remains low. Abuse victims exhibit several psychopathologies, including post-traumatic stress disorder, but there are claims that the existing diagnostic criteria do not cover all of the symptoms these victims may present. Complex post-traumatic stress disorder is a newly proposed diagnosis for those who have experienced long-term repeated interpersonal trauma in their childhood or adolescence. There are several evidence-based treatment options for children and adolescents who have experienced abuse. Psychiatrists are encouraged to increase their knowledge of the nature and characteristics of child abuse, its psychological consequences, the associated legal considerations, and the related social resources.

Keyword

Child abuse; Child physical abuse; Child emotional abuse; Child sexual abuse; Neglect
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