J Korean Geriatr Psychiatry.  2019 Nov;23(2):39-44. 10.0000/jkgp.2019.23.2.39.

Development of Web-Based Cognitive Training Program : Preliminary Study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, Korea. poshong@chungbuk.ac.kr
  • 2Yemidam Hospital, Cheongju, Korea.
  • 3Chungbuk Provincial Dementia Center, Cheongju, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
The purpose of this study is to verify the effectiveness of the computerized web-based cognitive training program entitled Web-based Cognitive Training (Web-CoT) developed for the elderly in the community.
METHODS
Of the elderly aged 65 or older who have visited in the Local Dementia Centers located in Chungcheongbuk-do, a total of 29 participants took part in a 10-week Web-CoT program. The Korean version of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD-K) Assessment Packet 2nd edition and short form of Geriatric Depression Scale (SGDS) were evaluated before and after the program.
RESULTS
Total SGDS scores have decreased and a significant increase in CERAD-K total scores was confirmed. Details including word list memory, word list recall, constructional praxis, trail making, and stroop tests, improved. Especially in the case of free recall test, the greater increase of scores in elderly with high risk of dementia was shown.
CONCLUSION
Participation in this program has confirmed improvements in verbal memory registration and retrieval ability, attention and executive function. Since the improvement was especially prominent in memory retrieval ability in elderly with high risk of dementia, it can be said that early application of the program before the diagnosis of dementia is important.

Keyword

Dementia; Mild cognitive impairment; Program development; Community
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