Vasc Spec Int.  2019 Sep;35(3):145-151. 10.5758/vsi.2019.35.3.145.

Chemoport-A Savior in Children Who Require Chronic Venous Access: An Observational Study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Paediatric Surgery, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bengaluru, India.
  • 2Department of Paediatric Surgery, Manipal Hospital, Bengaluru, India. veerushiravi1@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
Long-term venous access is cumbersome in children because of their thin caliber veins, less cooperative nature, and easy compromise of venous integrity. Hence, a study was conducted to evaluate the indication, efficacy, and safety of chemoport in children who require chronic venous access.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Children who underwent chemoport insertion between January 2008 and December 2017 were retrospectively evaluated.
RESULTS
A total of 159 children (169 chemoports) were included in the study. The most common indication for chemoport insertion was acute lymphoblastic leukemia (51.5%). The mean chemoport days were 832±666 days. Among the 169 chemoports, 55.0% were removed after treatment completion. The chemoport was not removed in 35.5% of the patients, as 28.4% of the patients were still under treatment and 7.1% died during the treatment. Sixteen patients (0.1 per 1,000 chemoport days) had a premature chemoport removal. The indications were port-related bloodstream infection (12 patients), port pocket infection (1 patient), exposed chemoport (1 patient), and blocked chemoport catheter (2 patients). Twenty-two patients (0.15 per 1,000 chemoport days) had complications of port-related bloodstream infection (0.09 per 1,000 chemoport days), making it the most common. Other complications include block, fracture, arrhythmias, avulsion, bleeding, decubitus-over-port, and port pocket infection.
CONCLUSION
Owing to the safe, reliable, and low complication rate of chemoports, more children can be saved from deadly illnesses. Chemoport is the best option for children who require chronic venous access.

Keyword

Indwelilng catheter; Adverse effects; Child; Leukemia; Neoplasms; Vascular access devices

MeSH Terms

Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Catheters
Child*
Hemorrhage
Humans
Leukemia
Observational Study*
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Retrospective Studies
Vascular Access Devices
Veins
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