Vasc Spec Int.  2019 Sep;35(3):137-144. 10.5758/vsi.2019.35.3.137.

Outcomes after Transverse-Incision 'Mini' Carotid Endarterectomy and Patch-Plasty

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Vascular Surgery, Basildon Hospital, Basildon, England. vijay.gadhvi@btuh.nhs.uk

Abstract

PURPOSE
Traditional longitudinal incision for carotid endarterectomy (CEA) can be painful, aesthetically displeasing, and associated with a high incidence of cranial nerve injury (CNI). This study describes the outcomes of CEA performed through small (<5 cm long), transversely oriented incisions located directly over the carotid bifurcation, as identified by color-enhanced duplex ultrasound.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Patient demographics and operative data were collected retrospectively from an in-house database of consecutive vascular patients undergoing CEA with a small transversely oriented incision for both symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid artery stenoses.
RESULTS
A total of 52 consecutive patients underwent CEA between 2012 and 2016 (median age, 73.5 years; interquartile range, 67-80.3; male/female ratio, 40:12). CEA was performed under regional/local anesthesia (LA) in 48 (92.3%) patients, with 4 (7.7%) being performed under general anesthesia. One patient under LA experienced intraoperative neurological dysfunction intraoperatively (manifesting as an inability to count out loud) that resolved with insertion of shunt. One patient experienced a transient neurological event (expressive dysphasia) within the immediate postoperative period, which resolved within 6 hours. No in-hospital death or perioperative major adverse cardiovascular events were noted. Follow-up data were available for a median period of 3.1 years and for all patients. Three patients experienced strokes following discharge (2 strokes contralateral to the operated side and 1 transient ischemic attack ipsilateral to the operated side). No persistent CNIs nor bleeding complications necessitating re-exploration were reported.
CONCLUSION
Small, transversely orientated incisions, hidden within a neck skin crease can be safely performed in the majority of patients undergoing CEA.

Keyword

Carotid endarterectomy; Transverse incision; Cranial nerve injury

MeSH Terms

Anesthesia
Anesthesia, General
Carotid Stenosis
Cranial Nerve Injuries
Demography
Endarterectomy, Carotid*
Follow-Up Studies
Hemorrhage
Humans
Incidence
Ischemic Attack, Transient
Neck
Postoperative Period
Retrospective Studies
Skin
Stroke
Ultrasonography
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