J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2019 Sep;28(3):259-270. 10.12934/jkpmhn.2019.28.3.259.

Factors associated with Interpersonal Relationship Ability of Undergraduates: A Mediation Analysis of Smartphone Addiction Tendency

Affiliations
  • 1Nurse, Seongnam Community Addiction Management Center, Seongnam, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul, Korea. hksun@korea.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aims of this study were to evaluate a hypothetical model explaining undergraduates' interpersonal relationship ability associated with the stress of life, self-esteem, and their communication ability and to identify the mediating effect of a smartphone addiction tendency on the identified associations.
METHODS
Data were collected from 201 undergraduates using a structured questionnaire from August to September 2017. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and structural equation modeling with SPSS AMOS 22.0.
RESULTS
The participants' interpersonal relationship ability was 65.9%, explained by the stress of life, self-esteem, communication ability, and smartphone addiction tendency. The factors of undergraduates' interpersonal relationship ability were self-esteem (β=.10, p<.01) and communication ability (β=.14, p<.001). Stress of life (β=.15, p<.01) directly affected the participants' smartphone addiction tendency, which was not associated with interpersonal relationship ability.
CONCLUSION
Based on our study findings, self-esteem and communication ability should be considered for developing nursing interventions to improve interpersonal relationship ability. However, a smartphone addiction tendency may be managed for undergraduates who experience excessive stress of life rather than interpersonal relationship ability. Thus, a tailored approach targeting specific needs or competence should be developed based on our data-based framework.

Keyword

Interpersonal relations; Smartphone; Behavior, Addictive; Stress, Psychological; Students
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