Brain Neurorehabil.  2019 Sep;12(2):e16. 10.12786/bn.2019.12.e16.

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae Colonization in Patients with Stroke

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Dong-Eui Medical Center, Busan, Korea. drsheva01@gmail.com

Abstract

This retrospective case-control study investigated the prevalence and risk factors of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) colonization in stroke patients within 6 months of onset. Forty-three patients confirmed to have CRE colonization in our hospital from January 2017 to December 2018 were included in this study. The control group included 44 stroke patients who had carbapenem-susceptible Enterobacteriaceae colonization. The patients were age- (± 3 years) and sex-matched. Their demographic and clinical characteristics were analyzed to identify the risk factors for CRE colonization using multivariate logistic regression analysis. During the study period, the prevalence of CRE was 2.9% (105/3,657). In the univariate analysis, factors associated with CRE colonization included the use and duration of antibiotic intake; admission to intensive care unit (ICU); and use of enteral feeding tube, urethral Foley catheter, tracheostomy, and central venous catheter. In the multivariate analysis, use and duration of antibiotic intake and admission to ICU persisted as independent factors. CRE should be considered when antibiotics are administered to a stroke patient, especially if the administration period is more than 2 weeks, and if the stroke patient has been admitted to the ICU. This study suggests preventing post-stroke infections and, if possible, reducing ICU admissions and preventing CRE transmission in all stroke patients admitted to the ICU.

Keyword

Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae; Prevalence; Risk factor; Stroke
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