J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2019 Jun;43(2):56-62. 10.11149/jkaoh.2019.43.2.56.

Menopause experience and the relationship between metabolic syndrome components and periodontitis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dental Hygiene, Dong-Eui University, Busan, Korea. yamako93@deu.ac.kr

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The purpose
of this study was to investigate the correlation of periodontitis with metabolic syndromes and menopause status.
METHODS
The 2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data of 645 postmenopausal and 663 premenopausal women were analyzed using the Pearson's chi-squared test and multiple regression analysis with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (PASW statistics) software version 21.0. Metabolic syndromes and community periodontal index (CPI) were analyzed.
RESULTS
CPI 3, CPI 4 (P<0.001), and the prevalence of periodontal disease were significantly higher in the postmenopausal group (P<0.001). Periodontal disease was significantly higher (P<0.001) in postmenopausal women not using dental floss (2.69 times), hypertensive postmenopausal women (1.60 times), and premenopausal women with high blood glucose levels (1.67 times). In the multiple logistic regression analysis, after adjusting for age, smoking habit, and alcohol consumption, significant risk factors for periodontal disease were the lack of dental floss use (odds ratio [OR]: 1.83; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.26–2.67), menopause (OR: 1.71; 95% CI: 1.22–2.41), and number of metabolic syndromes (when 1 or 2, OR: 2.22 and 95% CI: 1.50–3.29; when 3 or more, OR: 2.22 and 95% CI: 1.58–3.13).
CONCLUSIONS
In summary, menopause status is associated with periodontal disease. Therefore, oral health programs for middle-aged women with menopause and metabolic syndromes should be conducted to improve their oral health-related quality of life.

Keyword

Menopause status; Metabolic syndrome; Oral health-related quality of life; Periodontal disease
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