J Nutr Health.  2018 Dec;51(6):580-589. 10.4163/jnh.2018.51.6.580.

Comparison of dietary behavior and consumption of processed beverage depend on food insecurity status of adolescents in vientiane, Lao PDR

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Clinical Health, The Graduate School of Converging Clinical & Public Health, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 03760, Korea. yuri.kim@ewha.ac.kr
  • 2Food and Nutrition Major, Division of Food Science and Culinary Arts, Shinhan University, Uijeongbu, Gyeonggi 11644, Korea.
  • 3Division of Kinesiology & Sports Studies, College of Science and Industry Convergence, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 03760, Korea.
  • 4Faculty of Post graduate studies, University of Health Sciences, Vientiane Capital City 7444, Lao PDR.
  • 5Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 03760, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the food insecurity status and dietary behavior and examine the association between the food insecurity status and consumption of processed beverage for secondary school students in Vientiane, capital city of Lao PDR.
METHODS
The study subjects are 714 students (boys = 307 and girls = 407) in four secondary schools (Chao_Anouvong, Phiavat, Saysetha, and Chansavang) of Vientiane, Lao PDR. Data on study subject's demographic characteristics, dietary behavior, food insecurity, and Mini Dietary Assessment (MDA) index were collected. A "Self-Administered Food Security Survey Module for Children Aged 12 Years and Older" developed by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) was used for the food insecurity assessment.
RESULTS
As a result, 72.7% of the subjects were in a state of food insecurity, and food security was associated with higher socioeconomic status (higher life satisfaction, higher parent's education attainment, higher item ownership, fewer number of siblings, and having more lunches at the school restaurant than at home). Compared to the food insecurity group, the frequency of breakfast, self-rated diet, and the total score of MDA index were higher in the food security group. On the other hand, multiple logistic regression analysis showed that "˜food security' was also associated with a higher consumption of processed beverages (OR 1.544; 95% CI 1.078-2.213; p = 0.018).
CONCLUSION
Improving the quality of the diet is essential for adolescents in both the food insecurity and food security groups in Lao PDR. Therefore, it is necessary to provide well organized nutrition education and establish adequate nutrition policy for adolescents in Lao PDR.

Keyword

food insecurity; dietary behavior; processed beverage; adolescent; Lao PDR
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