J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  2019 Aug;60(8):802-807. 10.3341/jkos.2019.60.8.802.

Two Case Reports of a Purtscher-like Retinopathy Occurring after Retrobulbar Anesthesia

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Wonkwang University College of Medicine, Iksan, Korea. ardin@hanmail.net
  • 2Institute of Wonkwang Medical Science, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Although there are significant risks, retrobulbar anesthesia is commonly used for eye surgery. We report two cases of Purtscher-like retinopathy, a rare complication. CASE SUMMARY: (Case 1) A 76-year-old female visited our hospital because of decreased vision. She underwent right cataract surgery with retrobulbar anesthesia. After 7 days, she had decreased visual acuity (VA) and a constricted visual field. Multiple white spots and cotton wool spots around the optic nerve and post pole, macular edema (ME), and subretinal fluid (SRF) were found using a fundus examination. A non-perfusion area and staining of the vascular wall were seen using fluorescence angiography. Although carotid arterial angiography, thrombolysis, and intravenous injection of high-dose steroids were performed, the ME and SRF persisted. After intravitreal aflibercept was injected twice (2-month interval), the ME and SRF decreased and remained stable. (Case 2) A 61-year-old male underwent left cataract surgery with retrobulbar anesthesia. After anesthesia, the VA of the left eye was 10 cm finger count. The fundus examination showed multiple hemorrhage blots and retinal hemorrhages, and hyperfluorescence around the optic nerve and post pole; vascular wall staining revealed a Purtscher-like retinopathy. Left carotid arterial angiography, thrombolysis, and intravenous injection of high-dose steroids were then performed. After treatment, the VA of the left eye, ME, and SRF were improved at the 4-month follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS
We report rare complications of retrobulbar anesthesia, with active and timely treatment having a positive impact on the visual prognosis.

Keyword

Purtscher-like retinopathy; Retrobulbar anesthesia

MeSH Terms

Aged
Anesthesia*
Angiography
Cataract
Dental Caries
Female
Fingers
Fluorescein Angiography
Follow-Up Studies
Hemorrhage
Humans
Injections, Intravenous
Macular Edema
Male
Middle Aged
Optic Nerve
Prognosis
Retinal Hemorrhage
Steroids
Subretinal Fluid
Visual Acuity
Visual Fields
Wool
Steroids
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