Child Health Nurs Res.  2019 Jul;25(3):273-289. 10.4094/chnr.2019.25.3.273.

Interventions to Reduce the Problems of Abused Children and Adolescents in Residential Facilities in South Korea: An Integrative Review

Affiliations
  • 1Professor, College of Nursing · The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Doctoral Student, College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. lghpw@snu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to review the literature on intervention studies for abused children and adolescent in residential facilities in South Korea (ACARF-K). The goal was to understand the problems they experience, to evaluate the content and effectiveness of interventions applied to them, and to develop evidence-based nursing intervention programs.
METHODS
We used four electronic databases to search for relevant articles. 18 studies according to Whittemore and Knafl's integrative review method to synthesize the literature.
RESULTS
The ACARF-K experienced problems in biophysical, psychological, and sociocultural domains related to attachment impairment. Effective intervention strategies were building trust through empathy and fulfillment of needs, encouraging ACARF-K to express themselves and helping them to clarify emotions in an unthreatening environment, and improving their self-concept through activities in which they experienced achievement.
CONCLUSION
Interventions are needed to help restore attachment damage among ACARF-K. The interventions in this study utilized emotional, cognitive, relational, and behavioral therapeutic tools to improve their psychological and social capacities. Future intervention programs for ACARF-K should include these key elements.

Keyword

Child abuse; Group homes; Domestic violence; Child protective services; Emergency shelter

MeSH Terms

Adolescent*
Child Abuse
Child Protective Services
Child*
Domestic Violence
Emergency Shelter
Empathy
Evidence-Based Nursing
Group Homes
Humans
Korea*
Methods
Residential Facilities*
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