Kidney Res Clin Pract.  2019 Jun;38(2):205-211. 10.23876/j.krcp.18.0074.

Serum alkaline phosphatase and γ-glutamyl transferase in acute pyelonephritis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym Kidney Research Institute, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. km2071@naver.com
  • 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (AP) and γ-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT) are commonly observed in patients with acute pyelonephritis. The goal of this study was to examine the clinical significance of elevated serum AP and γ-GT levels and to explore the mechanisms underlying these changes.
METHODS
We examined serum AP and γ-GT levels in 438 patients with acute pyelonephritis. Urine AP/creatinine (Cr), urine γ-GT/Cr, fractional excretion of AP, and fractional excretion of γ-GT (FE(γ-GT)) were evaluated in patients with elevated and normal serum levels. AP isoenzymes were also examined.
RESULTS
We identified 77 patients (17.6%) with elevated serum AP and 134 patients (30.6%) with elevated serum γ-GT. Among them, both enzymes were elevated in 64 patients (14.6%). Older age, longer hospital stay, elevated baseline serum Cr, and complicated pyelonephritis were associated with increases in serum AP and γ-GT. Multivariate analysis showed that high serum AP levels were significantly correlated with renal impairment (odds ratio, 2.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-4.19; P = 0.029). FE(γ-GT) was significantly lower in patients with elevated serum enzyme levels. The liver fraction for AP isoenzyme profile did not increase in patients with elevated serum AP.
CONCLUSION
Our results demonstrated that elevated serum AP and γ-GT levels are associated with complicated pyelonephritis and renal impairment. Lower FE(γ-GT) levels in patients with elevated serum enzymes may be the result of decreased urinary excretion of these enzymes.

Keyword

Alkaline phosphatase; gamma-Glutamyltransferase; Pyelonephritis

MeSH Terms

Alkaline Phosphatase*
gamma-Glutamyltransferase
Humans
Isoenzymes
Length of Stay
Liver
Multivariate Analysis
Pyelonephritis*
Transferases*
Alkaline Phosphatase
Isoenzymes
Transferases
gamma-Glutamyltransferase
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