J Dent Rehabil Appl Sci.  2019 Jun;35(2):72-80. 10.14368/jdras.2019.35.2.72.

Comparison of adhesive strength of resinous teeth splinting materials according to enamel surface treatment

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University School of Dentistry, Gangneung, Republic of Korea. drbozon@gwnu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to compare and analyze the shear bond strength and fracture pattern in different enamel tooth surface treatments for resin splinting materials.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
G-FIX and LightFix were used as tooth splinting materials. Twenty bovine mandibular incisors were used for the preparation of the specimens. The exposed enamel surface was separated into four parts. Each tooth was treated with 37% phosphoric acid, 37% phosphoric acid + adhesive resin, 37% phosphoric acid + G-premio bond, and G-premio bond for each fraction. Shear bond strength was measured using a universal testing machine. After measuring the shear bond strength, the fractured surface of the specimen was magnified with a microscope to observe the fracture pattern. Two-way ANOVA was used to verify the interaction between the material and the surface treatment method. Oneway ANOVA was used for comparison between the surface treatment methods of each material and post-hoc test was conducted with Scheffe's test. An independent t-test was conducted to compare shear bond strengths between materials in each surface treatment method. All statistics were conducted at 95% significance level.
RESULTS
G-FIX, a tooth splinting resin, showed similar shear bonding strength when additional adhesive resins were used when material was applied after only acid etching, and LightFix showed the highest shear bonding strength when additional adhesive resins were used after the acid etching. In addition, both G-FIX and LightFix showed the lowest shear bond strength when only self-etching adhesive was applied without additional acid etching. Verification of interactions observed interconnection between resins and surface treatment methods. Most of the mixed failure was observed in all counties.
CONCLUSION
When using G-FIX and LightFix, which are tooth-splinting materials, it is considered that sufficient adhesion will be achieved even after applying only acid etching as instructed by the manufacturer.

Keyword

enamel; shear bond strength; splinting; surface treatment; tooth mobility

MeSH Terms

Adhesives*
Dental Enamel*
Incisor
Methods
Splints*
Tooth Mobility
Tooth*
Adhesives
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