J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2019 Jun;30(2):119-129. 10.12799/jkachn.2019.30.2.119.

Development and Evaluation of a Community based Multifaceted Cognitive Training Program for the Elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment

Affiliations
  • 1Professor, Department of Nursing, Daejeon Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea. hoh123@eulji.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate the effects of a multifaceted cognitive training program on cognitive function, depression, and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) in community dwelling elders with mild cognitive impairment.
METHODS
A non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. The subjects were recruited from a community health center in D metropolitan city and were assigned to the experimental or control group. Weekly 50-minute session intervention was delivered to the experimental group over 12 weeks. 8 weeks and 12weeks after intervention, the changes in cognitive function, depression, and IADL in the groups were measured and compared. Data were analyzed with Mann-Whitney U test, Wilcoxon Signed Rank test, and post-hoc test with Bonferroni correction using SPSS/WIN 23.0.
RESULTS
When compared with their counterparts (n=15), the elders in the experimental group (n=12) showed significant improvement in cognitive function and depression at week 12. The mean scores of IADL at week 12 were not significantly different between the groups.
CONCLUSION
The results indicate that this multifaceted cognitive training program is effective in improving cognitive function, depression, and avoiding deterioration of IADL among elders with mild cognitive impairment.

Keyword

Cognitive dysfunction; Cognitive behavioral therapy; Cognition
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