Korean J Women Health Nurs.  2019 Mar;25(1):19-30. 10.4069/kjwhn.2019.25.1.19.

Comparison of Needs for Pregnancy and Postpartum Adaptation of Chinese Immigrant Women and Vietnamese Immigrant Women in South Korea

  • 1Professor, Division of Nursing, Hallym University Chuncheon, Korea.
  • 2Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Daegu Haany University, Daegu, Korea. kyungwok@dhu.ac.kr
  • 3Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Baekseok University, Cheonan, Korea.


To identify needs for pregnancy and postpartum adaptation of Chinese immigrant women and Vietnamese immigrant women in South Korea.
A descriptive research design was employed. Data were collected from 244 Chinese immigrant women and Vietnamese immigrant women from 3 provinces, 20 health care centers, and multi-cultural family support centers. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA.
An average score for needs perceived by Chinese immigrant women was significantly higher than that perceived by Vietnamese immigrant women. There were significantly differences in physical and emotional adaptation after childbirth, nutrition during pregnancy, cross cultural understanding and personal respect, and adaptation daily activity during pregnancy between the 2 groups. The highest score of needs in Chinese immigrant women was for nutrition during pregnancy and that in Vietnamese immigrant women was for baby rearing and family support.
Based on needs of pregnancy and postpartum adaption, nursing intervention program in consideration of cultural characteristics of Chinese immigrant women and Vietnam immigrant women need to be developed for their pregnancy and postpartum health care.


Emigrants and immigrants; Pregnancy; Postpartum period; Needs assessment; Adaptation, Physiological

MeSH Terms

Adaptation, Physiological
Asian Continental Ancestry Group*
Cultural Characteristics
Delivery of Health Care
Emigrants and Immigrants*
Emotional Adjustment
Needs Assessment
Postpartum Period*
Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Research Design


  • Figure 1 Difference of Chinese and Vietnamese immigrant women's need for pregnancy and postpartum adaptation.

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