J Korean Soc Matern Child Health.  2017 May;21(2):119-129. 10.21896/jksmch.2017.21.2.119.

Predictors of Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents Living in a Multi-cultural Family in South Korea: Gender Difference

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing Science, Kyungsung University, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Kosin University, Korea. kmkim@kosin.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of suicidal ideation and its predictors in adolescents living in a multi-cultural family, with a focus on gender differences.
METHODS
A total of 795 students attending junior high school or high school who lived in a multi-cultural family were enrolled in this study. The 11th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey was conducted in 2015. Data from this survey were collected and analyzed using SPSS program, with Rao-Scott chi-square test and complex samples multiple logistic regression.
RESULTS
The overall prevalence of suicidal ideation in adolescents living in a multi-cultural family was 17.2% (14.1% in boys and 20.9% in girls). Happiness and depression were significant predictors of suicidal ideation in both boys and girls. However, the experience of violence was an additional significant predictor in boys, whereas economic status and sleep satisfaction were significant predictors affecting the prevalence of suicidal ideation in girls.
CONCLUSION
This study found gender differences in the predictors of suicidal ideation in adolescents living in a multi-cultural family. The findings suggest that the development of suicide prevention programs for this population may require different approaches for girls and for boys. It is also suggested that educational programs are developed that address the variables identified.

Keyword

suicidal Ideation; multiculturalism; adolescent
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