Asian Nurs Res.  2019 May;13(2):99-106. 10.1016/j.anr.2019.02.002.

Establishment of Normative Self-Rated Health Status Data and Association between Ideal Life Expectancy and Social Wellness of General Population in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Medical Informatics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. lawyun08@gmail.com
  • 2Department of Biomedical Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  • 3Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  • 4Department of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  • 5Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose
of this study was to establish normative data for holistic health parameters in the general Korean population and to investigate the factor associated with ideal life expectancy (ILE) among these holistic health parameters and sociodemographic variables.
METHODS
This study used a questionnaire to obtain self-reported physical, mental, social, spiritual, and general health status and then evaluated their association with ILE. A total of 1,241 individuals responded to the questionnaire, from which we established a multidimensional health status reference data set representing the Korean population. To explain factors associated with ILE, we stratified results by age and gender and performed multiple logistic regression of sociodemographic variables and multidimensional health status.
RESULTS
Women reported poor health status more frequently for all five health categories. The average ILE was 87.46 years versus 84.42 years of life expectancy in the general Korean population. Single marital status, higher income, and better social health were significantly associated with higher ILE.
CONCLUSION
ILE could be a good indicator reflecting social wellness in a certain society. Comprehensive social health promotion programs can improve individuals' attitudes toward life expectancy, especially for vulnerable groups.

Keyword

holistic health; life expectancy; population health; self report; socioeconomic factors
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