Ann Rehabil Med.  2019 Apr;43(2):149-155. 10.5535/arm.2019.43.2.149.

Comparison of Dysphagia Between Infratentorial and Supratentorial Stroke Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea. uraneky@gmail.com

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
To compare dysphagia between infratentorial stroke patients and supratentorial stroke patients.
METHODS
Subjects of this study were patients with post-stroke dysphagia (PSD) who were admitted to our medical institution between May 2014 and June 2017. We evaluated a total of 64 patients with PSD. A videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) was performed to determine dysphagia severity. We measured the following parameters: pharyngeal transit time (PTT), post-swallow pharyngeal remnant, Penetration Aspiration Scale (PAS) scores, and Functional Dysphagia Scale (FDS). We analyzed patient's results from VFSS performed at admission. All VFSS images were recorded using a camcorder running at 30 frames per second. An AutoCAD 2D screen was used to measure post-swallow pharyngeal remnant.
RESULTS
In this study, PTT and FDS were similar (p>0.05) between infratentorial stroke patients and supratentorial stroke patients. However, there were significant differences in pharyngeal remnant and PAS scores between the two groups (p<0.01 and p<0.05, respectively).
CONCLUSION
Both pharyngeal remnant and PAS score registered higher levels from VFSS test for infratentorial stroke patients than those for supratentorial stroke patients. This suggests greater chances of problems occurring with swallowing, the major functions of pons. Thus, clinicians should pay particular attention to active dysphagia evaluation and treatment in PSD of infratentorial stroke patients.

Keyword

Deglutition disorders; Stroke; Infratentorial; Supratentorial; Fluoroscopy
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