Ann Dermatol.  2019 Jun;31(3):307-314. 10.5021/ad.2019.31.3.307.

The Relationship between Epidemiologic Factors and Usage Pattern of Hair Care Products in Korea

  • 1Department of Dermatology, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
  • 2Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 3Skin Research Institute, IEC Korea, Suwon, Korea.
  • 4Data Computational Sciences, Division of Applied Mathematical Sciences, College of Science and Technology, Korea University, Sejong, Korea.
  • 5Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 6Department of Dermatology, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Hwaseong, Korea.
  • 7Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea.


For hair care products that are used almost everyday, it is important to estimate the cumulative dosage of long-term exposure and to assess the effects on the human body. Little data are available to evaluate actual daily usage in Asian populations.
Reliable exposure data for hair care products is essential to conduct safety assessments.
We evaluated the actual usage pattern and amounts by checking the daily log over a 2-week period, to obtain all the data regarding the participants' hair care preferences. And, statistical analyses were conducted to analyze the daily use amount (g/d) and daily usage per hair length (g/cm/d), and other variables by sex, age group, and hair oiliness.
Throughout this study, we found that female users consumed significantly larger daily amounts of shampoo and rinse. Male groups used more hair gel and spray than female groups. Interestingly, all the hair care products studied scored higher levels of usage among men when calibrated per unit length. Koreans tend to use lesser amount of rinse although their hairs are usually thicker than the Western hairs.
This study provides exposure information for commonly used hair care products, which will be useful for risk assessment purposes.


Exposure assessment; Hair care product; Korean usage; Usage patterns

MeSH Terms

Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Epidemiologic Factors*
Human Body
Risk Assessment


  • Fig. 1 Comparison of daily usage of hair care products (g/d) by sex.

  • Fig. 2 Daily shampoo and rinse usage of male and female according to hair length.

  • Fig. 3 Daily use (g/d) or daily use per unit length (g/cm/d) of hair shampoo according to age.


1. Van Engelen JG, Heinemeyer G, Rodriguez C. Consumer exposure scenarios: development, challenges and possible solutions. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2007; 17:Suppl 1. S26–S33.
2. Loretz L, Api AM, Barraj L, Burdick J, Davis de A, Dressler W, et al. Exposure data for personal care products: hairspray, spray perfume, liquid foundation, shampoo, body wash, and solid antiperspirant. Food Chem Toxicol. 2006; 44:2008–2018.
3. Loretz LJ, Api AM, Babcock L, Barraj LM, Burdick J, Cater KC, et al. Exposure data for cosmetic products: facial cleanser, hair conditioner, and eye shadow. Food Chem Toxicol. 2008; 46:1516–1524.
4. Wu XM, Bennett DH, Ritz B, Cassady DL, Lee K, Hertz-Picciotto I. Usage pattern of personal care products in California households. Food Chem Toxicol. 2010; 48:3109–3119.
5. Biesterbos JW, Dudzina T, Delmaar CJ, Bakker MI, Russel FG, von Goetz N, et al. Usage patterns of personal care products: important factors for exposure assessment. Food Chem Toxicol. 2013; 55:8–17.
6. Hall B, Tozer S, Safford B, Coroama M, Steiling W, Leneveu-Duchemin MC, et al. European consumer exposure to cosmetic products, a framework for conducting population exposure assessments. Food Chem Toxicol. 2007; 45:2097–2108.
7. Hall B, Steiling W, Safford B, Coroama M, Tozer S, Firmani C, et al. European consumer exposure to cosmetic products, a framework for conducting population exposure assessments Part 2. Food Chem Toxicol. 2011; 49:408–422.
8. Ficheux AS, Bernard A, Chevillotte G, Dornic N, Roudot AC. Probabilistic assessment of exposure to hair cosmetic products by the French population. Food Chem Toxicol. 2016; 92:205–216.
9. Ficheux AS, Wesolek N, Chevillotte G, Roudot AC. Consumption of cosmetic products by the French population. First part: frequency data. Food Chem Toxicol. 2015; 78:159–169.
10. Ficheux AS, Chevillotte G, Wesolek N, Morisset T, Dornic N, Bernard A, et al. Consumption of cosmetic products by the French population second part: amount data. Food Chem Toxicol. 2016; 90:130–141.
11. Dornic N, Ficheux AS, Roudot AC. Consumption of cosmetic products by the French population. Third part: product exposure amount. Food Chem Toxicol. 2017; 106:209–222.
12. Park JY, Lee K, Hwang Y, Kim JH. Determining the exposure factors of personal and home care products for exposure assessment. Food Chem Toxicol. 2015; 77:105–110.
13. Nohynek GJ, Antignac E, Re T, Toutain H. Safety assessment of personal care products/cosmetics and their ingredients. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2010; 243:239–259.
14. Zaleski RT, Egeghy PP, Hakkinen PJ. Exploring global exposure factors resources for use in consumer exposure assessments. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016; 13:E744.
15. Bennett DH, Wu XM, Teague CH, Lee K, Cassady DL, Ritz B, et al. Passive sampling methods to determine household and personal care product use. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2012; 22:148–160.
16. Gomez-Berrada MP, Ficheux AS, Dahmoul Z, Roudot AC, Ferret PJ. Exposure assessment of family cosmetic products dedicated to babies, children and adults. Food Chem Toxicol. 2017; 103:56–65.
17. Gomez-Berrada MP, Ficheux AS, Galonnier M, Rolfo JE, Rielland A, Guillou S, et al. Influence of the container on the consumption of cosmetic products. Food Chem Toxicol. 2017; 109:230–236.
18. Mirmirani P. Hormonal changes in menopause: do they contribute to a ‘midlife hair crisis’ in women? Br J Dermatol. 2011; 165:Suppl 3. 7–11.
Full Text Links
  • AD
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: