J Menopausal Med.  2019 Apr;25(1):28-34. 10.6118/jmm.2019.25.1.28.

Comparing Quality of Life of Elderly Menopause Living in Urban and Rural Areas

  • 1Community-Oriented Nursing Midwifery Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, ShahreKord, Iran.
  • 2Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. rahim.shaykhi94@gmail.com
  • 3Department of Infectious Disease and Tropical Medicine, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • 4Department of Nursing, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


The present study aimed to compare the quality of life of elderly menopause living in urban/rural areas of Abadeh, Iran.
This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted on 312 urban and 68 rural elderly population using the two-stage (systematic random classification) and objective-based sampling methods. Data were collected by Leiden-Padua questionnaire for assessment of quality of life in elderly menopause. SPSS software (version 21) and descriptive-analytical tests were used for data analysis.
The results showed that the overall quality of life was 37.5 and 34.2 in rural and urban areas, respectively, and no statistically significant difference was observed between them. However, there was statistically significant difference in the mean score of depression and anxiety, cognitive function, social function, life satisfaction, and sexual activity in urban and rural elderly menopause (P < 0.001).
It seems necessary to pay more attention to the elderly menopause to improve their quality of life and consider proper planning for their empowerment and coping skills training.


Quality of life; Elderly; Menopause; Urban population; Rural population
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