Korean J Health Promot.  2019 Mar;19(1):32-38. 10.15384/kjhp.2019.19.1.32.

Depressive Symptoms and Sociodemographic Risk Factors among Chronic Disease Inpatients at University Medical Centers

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Social Work, Hallym University Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Ewha Institute for Age Integration Research, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. syp279@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of and the sociodemographic risk factors for depressive symptoms among inpatients with chronic diseases who completed the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) conducted by a social work department at university medical centers.
METHODS
In 2015, PHQ-9 data were collected from six medical centers affiliated with Hallym University Medical Center. The sample comprised 517 inpatients aged 18 years or over with chronic diseases. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test, simple logistic regression, and multiple logistic regression were used for data analyses.
RESULTS
The prevalence of depressive symptoms among inpatients with chronic diseases was 31.7 percent. The results of the simple and multiple logistic regressions showed that the single/widowed/divorced/separated group was at higher risk for depressive symptoms than married inpatients. Having a religion or being unemployed also increased the risk of depressive symptoms among the respondents.
CONCLUSIONS
Findings of this study emphasize the importance of systematic depressive symptom management for inpatients with chronic diseases.

Keyword

Patient Health Questionnaire-9; Depression; Prevalence; Risk factors
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