J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2019 Mar;43(1):21-25. 10.11149/jkaoh.2019.43.1.21.

Association between the management of oral health and experience of oral health education and an investigation of influential factors of the PHP index in university students

  • 1Department of Dental Hygiene, Youngnam Foreign Language College, Gyeongsan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. kbsong@knu.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Dental Hygiene, Daegu Health College, Daegu, Korea.


OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the association between the management of oral health and experiences of oral health education and to investigate the influential factors of the Patient Hygiene Performance (PHP) index in an area's university students. In addition, we explored the factors that influence the PHP index and how to effectively promote oral health.
All collected data were analyzed using the χ2 test, the t-test, and multiple regression using SPSS version 23.0 for Microsoft Windows. The statistical significance level was set at 5%.
The total age of 380 participants ranged from 18 to 39 years (mean 22.22±2.43). No significant differences were found in oral health status and experiences of oral health education.
Active national-based policies to develop regular and systematic national oral health education programs are needed.


Dental health education; Health behavior; Oral health; Oral hygiene; PHP index
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