Lab Med Online.  2019 Apr;9(2):45-56. 10.3343/lmo.2019.9.2.45.

Effects of Pre-analytical Variables on Cell-free DNA Extraction for Liquid Biopsy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. tdjeong@ewha.ac.kr
  • 2Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Extraction of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is a key step for determining the quality of cfDNA-related molecular diagnostics. We evaluated the effect of sample containers and sample storage conditions on cfDNA extraction.
METHODS
The cfDNA extraction using the MagMAX Cell-Free DNA Isolation Kit from five healthy controls and five lung cancer patients was evaluated according to the type of sample container and storage conditions: K2-EDTA container, <1, 6, 24, and 48 hr storage at 4℃ after immediate plasma separation; and Cell-Free DNA BCT container, <1, 3, 7, and 14 days stored at room temperature. Mutation analysis of EGFR exons 18–21 was performed. To assess the effect of a delay in centrifugation, EDTA whole blood samples from five healthy individuals were stored at 4℃ for 6, 12, and 24 hr before plasma separation.
RESULTS
There was no significant difference in the amount and nucleic acid size of cfDNA in both controls and patients with cancer when EDTA plasma was stored at 4℃ up to 48 hr. The amount and size of cfDNA in the BCT container were not different up to 7 days; however, the 14-day sample showed an increase in cfDNA concentration due to genomic DNA contamination. EGFR mutations were detected on EDTA containers up to 48 hr and with BCT containers up to 14 days. When EDTA whole blood was stored at 4℃ and plasma separation was delayed, the cfDNA concentration increased from 24 hr.
CONCLUSIONS
The cfDNA extraction was affected by the sample containers and storage conditions.

Keyword

Cell-free DNA; Extraction; Storage; Container; EGFR
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