J Korean Med Assoc.  2019 Mar;62(3):136-139. 10.5124/jkma.2019.62.3.136.

The Role of medical doctor in the era of artificial intelligence

  • 1Department of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. seojb@amc.seoul.kr
  • 2Korean Society of Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


Recent advances in new technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, and virtual reality have led to significant innovations in various industries. Artificial intelligence, particularly in applications using deep learning algorithms, has shown performance superior to that of humans in several contexts. Accordingly, many researchers and companies have tried to apply artificial intelligence to the healthcare system, with applications including image interpretation, voice recognition, clinical decision support, risk prediction, drug discovery, medical robotics, and workflow improvement. However, several important technical, ethical, and social barriers must be overcome, such as overfitting, lack of interpretability, privacy, security, and safety. Doctors should be prepared to play a key role in applying artificial intelligence through the full course of development, validation, clinical performance, and monitoring.


Artificial intelligence in medicine; Machine learning; Deep learning
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