Arch Plast Surg.  2019 Jan;46(1):84-87. 10.5999/aps.2018.01018.

Distally-based free anterolateral thigh flap with a modified vena comitans

  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.


With the recent development in microsurgery, the use of a perforator flap has been widely implemented. If the length of the ALT flap pedicle is insufficient despite adequate preoperative planning, pedicle length extension is necessary. We planned for a reverse ALT free flap using the distal vessel of the descending branch for pedicle length extension in the case of ALT perforator branch originating from the proximal portion of the descending branch. For the management of venous congestion, the distal venae comitantes were anastomosed to the proximal venous stump in an antegrade manner, successfully resolving the venous congestion. Modified reverse-flow ALT free flap, wherein the venae comitantes are anastomosed to the proximal vein stump, is a good option that allows for relatively simple pedicle extension within the same operative field when securing an adequate pedicle length is difficult because of the origin of the perforator from the proximal descending branch, unlike the initial surgical plan.


Lower extremity; Surgical flaps; Veins
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