J Korean Acad Nurs.  2019 Feb;49(1):59-68. 10.4040/jkan.2019.49.1.59.

Validity and Reliability of a Korean Version of Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children (YFAS-C)

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing Science · East-West Nursing Research Institute, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea. sunghshin@khu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Korean version of Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children (YFAS-C).
METHODS
Participants were 419 young adolescent students (11~15 years old). The content validity of the expert group was calculated as the content validity index (CVI) after the translation and reverse translation process of the 25 items of the YFAS-C. The multitrait-multimethod matrix (MTMM) method was used to verify the construct validity; the generalized linear model (GLM) was used to evaluate the concurrent and incremental validity. Reliability was calculated as Kuder-Richardson-20 (KR-20) and Spearman-Brown coefficients.
RESULTS
The CVI of the 25 items was greater than the item-level CVI .80 and the scale-level CVI .90. The Korean version of YFAS-C had verified convergent validity in emotional eating and external eating and discriminant validity in restrained eating. In addition, it had verified concurrent validity in emotional eating and external eating. Finally the incremental validity of the Korean version of YFAS-C was statistically significant on BMI. Reliability was KR-20 α=.69 and the Spearman-Brown coefficient was .64.
CONCLUSION
The Korean version of YFAS-C is a valid and reliable scale for measuring the severity of food addiction; it can be a useful scale for preventing obesity by predicting food addiction early.

Keyword

Validity and Reliability; Food addictions; Child; Adolescent
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