J Korean Clin Nurs Res.  2018 Dec;24(3):293-302. 10.22650/JKCNR.2018.24.3.293.

Influence of Health Literacy and Health Empowerment on Health Behavior Practice in Elderly Outpatients with Coronary Artery Disease

Affiliations
  • 1HN, Department of Nursing, Jeju Hanmaeum Hospital, Korea.
  • 2Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Jeju National University, Korea. kkyungja@jejunu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this descriptive study was to identify the influence of health literacy and health empowerment on health behavior practice in elderly patients with coronary artery disease.
METHODS
239 elderly outpatients older than 65 years of age were included. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics including independent t-test, ANOVA, and hierarchical regression.
RESULTS
Major factors having a significant impact on health behavior practice were health literacy (β=.26, p<.001) and health empowerment (β=.32, p<.001). Health literacy was increased by 4.7% after controlling for general and health-related characteristics. Health empowerment increased by 5.9% after controlling for general and health-related characteristics, and health literacy. The two variables explained 35% of the variance in health behavior practice (F=7.74, p<.001).
CONCLUSION
The main findings of this study can be utilized as the foundation for developing programs to promote health empowerment and health behavior practice of the elderly population. Furthermore, the results of the study can also be used to establish health-related strategies.

Keyword

Health Literacy; Power; Health Behavior; Elderly; Coronary Artery Disease

MeSH Terms

Aged*
Coronary Artery Disease*
Coronary Vessels*
Health Behavior*
Health Literacy*
Humans
Outpatients*
Power (Psychology)*
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