J Korean Geriatr Psychiatry.  2018 Apr;22(1):19-24. 10.0000/jkgp.2018.22.1.19.

A Study of Factors Influencing Subjective Memory Complaints among Community Dwelling Elderly

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Bong Seng Memorial Hospital, Busan, Korea. leekyhw2@naver.com

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
We examined the factors influencing subjective memory complaints among community dwelling elderly in urban area.
METHODS
The subjects of this research were 160 community-dwelling elderly people without dementia and major depressive disorder. The questionnaires regarding the socio-demographic characteristics were conducted by each person. They include Korean version of Subjective Memory Complaints Questionnaires (SMCQ), Korean version of Short Geriatric Depression Scale (SGDS-K) and Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE). Subjective memory complaints were defined as above 4 points of SMCQ.
RESULTS
39.38% of the subjects had subjective memory complaints. There were significant associations between subjective memory complaints and SGDS-K (p < 0.001), physical illness (p=0.001), but there was no association with K-MMSE (p=0.383).
CONCLUSION
There is a discrepancy between subjective memory complaints and actual cognitive impairments. This discrepancy suggests that the depressive disorders including minor depressive disorder and subsyndromal depression, might play a role in the subjective memory complaints rather than actual cognitive impairments in community-dwelling elderly people. Therefore, the treatments for the depressive disorders should be considered in dealing with the subjective memory complaints.

Keyword

Elderly; Subjective memory complaints; Depressive disorder; Cognitive impairments
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