Mood Emot.  2018 Nov;16(3):163-168. 10.0000/me.2018.16.3.163.

The Effect of Traumatic Experiences in Childhood on Depressive Symptoms for College Students : Focusing on the Moderating Effects of Positive Psychological Resources

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea. mdkim66@jejunu.ac.kr
  • 2School of Medicine, Jeju National Universitiy, Jeju, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study was to examine effects of traumatic experiences in childhood, on depressive symptoms of college students, and to determine how depression depended on positive psychological resources.
METHODS
A total of 430 students were recruited, from two universities in Jeju area. All participants completed self-report questionnaires, that included demographic variables, Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) Scale, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and Positive Resources Test (POREST).
RESULTS
Prevalence of depression was 47.9%, and a total of 133 (30.9%) college students reported traumatic experiences in childhood. Students with depressive symptoms, were likely to report more traumatic experiences in childhood, and less positive psychological resources. Results from regression analyses indicated that, while controlling for a range of demographic variables, positive psychological resources moderated the association, between traumatic experiences in childhood and depression.
CONCLUSION
Based on results, professionals must consider positive psychological and social resources, for treatment to reduce depressive symptoms in patients with history of childhood adversity.

Keyword

Traumatic experiences; Childhood; Depressive symptoms; Positive psychological resources

MeSH Terms

Depression*
Humans
Prevalence
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