Child Health Nurs Res.  2019 Jan;25(1):28-37. 10.4094/chnr.2019.25.1.28.

Factors associated with Obesity among Korean Adolescents based on the Seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016)

Affiliations
  • 1Professor, College of Nursing, Daegu Catholic University, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Daegu, Korea.
  • 2Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Daegu Catholic University, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Daegu, Korea. leeek@cu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted to examine factors associated with obesity among Korean adolescents.
METHODS
The participants were 436 Korean adolescents aged 12~18 years who took part in the seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016). The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, the χ² test, one-way analysis of variance, and multinomial logistic regression using complex sample analysis.
RESULTS
Among the participants, 9.7% were classified as being obese, and 11.9% as being overweight. Several health parameters, including systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, waist circumference, and triglyceride, fasting blood sugar, and alanine aminotransferase levels, varied according to obesity. Distorted perceptions of body shape showed a significant negative association with overweight, and carbohydrate intake was negatively associated with obesity.
CONCLUSION
These findings indicate that obesity in Korean adolescents was associated with lifestyle and health parameters. Therefore, intervention programs for obese or overweight adolescents should focus on preventing them from developing health problems.

Keyword

Adolescents; Obesity; Overweight; Life style
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