Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.  2018 Nov;22(6):617-625. 10.4196/kjpp.2018.22.6.617.

The Nedd8-activating enzyme inhibitor MLN4924 suppresses colon cancer cell growth via triggering autophagy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of General Surgery, 210 Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army, Dalian 116021, China. gaojianjun210@163.com
  • 2Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University, Dalian 116001, China.

Abstract

Neddylation is a post-translational protein modification process. MLN4924 is a newly discovered pharmaceutical neddylation inhibitor that suppresses cancer growth with several cancer types. In our study, we first investigated the effect of MLN4924 on colon cancer cells (HCT116 and HT29). MLN4924 significantly inhibited the neddylation of cullin-1 and colon cancer cell growth in a time and dose-dependent manner. MLN4924 induced G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in HCT116 and HT29 cells. Moreover, MLN4924 also triggered autophagy in HCT116 and HT29 cells via suppressing the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. Inhibiting autophagy by autophagy inhibitor 3-MA or ATG5 knockdown reversed the function of MLN4924 in suppressing colon cancer cell growth and cell death. Interestingly, MLN4924 suppresses colon cell growth in a xenograft model. Together, our finding revealed that blocking neddylation is an attractive colon cancer therapy strategy, and autophagy might act as a novel anti-cancer mechanism for the treatment of colon cancer by MLN4924.

Keyword

Autophagy; Cell growth; Colon cancer; MLN4924; Neddylation

MeSH Terms

Apoptosis
Autophagy*
Cell Cycle Checkpoints
Cell Death
Colon*
Colonic Neoplasms*
Heterografts
HT29 Cells
Humans
Protein Processing, Post-Translational
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