J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2018 Sep;29(3):382-392. 10.12799/jkachn.2018.29.3.382.

Effects of an Oral Self-care Program on the Elderly's Xerostomia and Oral Health-related Quality of Life

Affiliations
  • 1Researcher, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea.
  • 2Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea. hye11533@kmu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to investigate effects of an oral self-care program on oral dryness and oral health related quality of life in the elderly.
METHODS
The current research design isa nonequivalent control group protest-posttest design with two groups of elders from two different senior centers in D city. Tools for the research include paper of salivary absorption (WF41-1850, Whatman, Germany), 6 items for subjective oral dryness and OHIP-14 for oral health related to quality of life. The data were analyzed to test three hypotheses by using the SPSS 22.0 program.
RESULTS
The three hypotheses were significantly accepted. The subjective oral dryness score was lower in the experimental group than in the control group (t=-2.45, p=.022). Salivary absorption was higher in the experimental group than in the control group (t=3.83, p < .001).Oral health related quality of life was better in the experimental group than in the control group (t=-2.11, p=.044).
CONCLUSION
The oral self-care program has appeared to be effective on oral dryness and an oral health related quality of life in the elderly. Therefore, it can be suggested that the oral self-care program is applicable as an intervention program motivating the elderly to maintain oral health.

Keyword

Aged; Quality of life; Self care; Mouth; Health
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