J Breast Cancer.  2018 Dec;21(4):399-405. 10.4048/jbc.2018.21.e57.

Significance of Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 8 Expression in Predicting Survival in Breast Cancer

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Breast Surgery, Department of Surgical Oncology, Research Unit of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China. jinfeng@cmu.edu.cn
  • 2Department of General Surgery, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Vesicle-associated membrane protein 8 (VAMP8) is a soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor receptor protein that participates in autophagy by directly regulating autophagosome membrane fusion and has been reported to be involved in tumor progression. Nevertheless, the expression and prognostic value of VAMP8 in breast cancer (BC) remain unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical significance and biological function of VAMP8 in BC.
METHODS
A total of 112 BC samples and 30 normal mammary gland samples were collected. The expression of VAMP8 was assessed in both BC tissues and normal mammary gland tissues via a two-step immunohistochemical detection method.
RESULTS
The expression of VAMP8 in BC tissues was significantly higher than that in normal breast tissues. Furthermore, increased VAMP8 expression was significantly correlated with tumor size (p=0.007), lymph node metastasis (p=0.024) and recurrence (p=0.001). Patients with high VAMP8 expression had significantly lower cumulative recurrence-free survival and overall survival (p < 0.001 for both) than patients with low VAMP8 expression. In multivariate logistic regression and Cox regression analyses, lymph node metastasis and VAMP8 expression were independent prognostic factors for BC.
CONCLUSION
VAMP8 is significantly upregulated in human BC tissues and can thus be a practical and potentially effective surrogate marker for survival in BC patients.

Keyword

Autophagy; Breast neoplasms; Prognosis; Recurrence; VAMP8 protein

MeSH Terms

Autophagy
Biomarkers
Breast Neoplasms*
Breast*
Humans
Logistic Models
Lymph Nodes
Mammary Glands, Human
Membrane Fusion
Methods
N-Ethylmaleimide-Sensitive Proteins
Neoplasm Metastasis
Prognosis
R-SNARE Proteins*
Recurrence
Biomarkers
N-Ethylmaleimide-Sensitive Proteins
R-SNARE Proteins
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