Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci.  2018 Nov;16(4):391-397. 10.9758/cpn.2018.16.4.391.

In-Depth Relationships between Emotional Intelligence and Personality Traits in Meditation Practitioners

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. basuare@hanmail.net
  • 2Department of Psychiatry and Institute of Human Behavioral Sciences, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Korea Institute of Brain Science, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Department of Brain Education, Global Cyber University, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 5Department of Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
Meditation can elicit trait-like changes in psychological and social styles, as well as enhancement of emotional regulatory capacity. We investigated the relation between personality traits and emotional intelligence in meditation practitioners.
METHODS
Seventy-two long-term practitioners of mind-body training (MBT) and 62 healthy comparative individuals participated in the study. The participants completed emotional intelligence questionnaires and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI).
RESULTS
The MBT group revealed higher scores on all five emotional intelligence factors than did those in the control group, such as emotional awareness and expression, empathy, emotional thinking, emotional application, and emotional regulation (all p≤0.001). MBT practitioners also had higher scores on the intuition of perceiving function (t=−2.635, p=0.010) and on the feeling of the judging function (t=−3.340, p=0.001) of the MBTI compared with those in the control group. Only the MBT group showed a robust relationship with every factor of emotional intelligence and MBTI-defined intuitive styles, indicating that higher scores of emotional intelligence were related to higher scores for intuition.
CONCLUSION
Emotional intelligence of meditation practitioners showed notable relationships with some features of personality trait. In-depth associations between emotional intelligence and personality traits would help to foster psychological functions in meditation practitioners.

Keyword

Meditation; Mind-body training; Emotional intelligence; Personality; Intuition
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