J Korean Neurosurg Soc.  2018 Nov;61(6):723-730. 10.3340/jkns.2018.0125.

Total Deformity Angular Ratio as a Risk Factor for Complications after Posterior Vertebral Column Resection Surgery

  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Hallym University Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Neurosurgery, Spine Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea. hyunsj@snu.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Neurosurgery, Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.
  • 4Department of Neurosurgery, Spine Center, Hyundai UVIS Hospital, Incheon, Korea.


The aim of the present study was to identify whether the deformity angular ratio (DAR) influences the occurrence of complications after posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) and to establish the DAR cut-off value.
Thirty-six consecutive patients undergoing PVCR from December 2010 to October 2016 were reviewed. The relationships between the total, sagittal, and coronal DAR and complications were assessed using receiver operator characteristics curves. The patients were divided into two groups according to a reference value based on the cut-off value of DAR. Demographic, surgical, radiological, and clinical outcomes were compared between the groups.
There were no significant differences in the patient demographic and surgical data between the groups. The cut-off values for the total DAR (T-DAR) and the sagittal DAR (S-DAR) were 20.2 and 16.4, respectively (p=0.018 and 0.010). Both values were significantly associated with complications (p=0.016 and 0.005). In the higher T-DAR group, total complications (12 vs. 21, p=0.042) and late-onset complications (3 vs. 9, p=0.036) were significantly correlated with the T-DAR. The number of patients experiencing complications (9 vs. 11, p=0.029) and the total number of complications (13 vs. 20, p=0.015) were significantly correlated with the S-DAR. Worsening intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring was more frequent in the higher T-DAR group (2 vs. 4) than in the higher S-DAR group (3 vs. 3). There was no difference in neurological deterioration between the groups after surgery.
Both the T-DAR and the S-DAR are risk factors for complications after PVCR. Those who had a T-DAR >20.2 or S-DAR >16.4 experienced a higher rate of complications after PVCR.


Posterior; Vertebral column; Deformity; Risk factors; Complications
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