Saf Health Work.  2016 Dec;7(4):284-292. 10.1016/

Trend of Fire Outbreaks in Ghana and Ways to Prevent These Incidents

  • 1Department of Plant Design and Process Safety, University of Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany.
  • 2Department of Chemistry, Industrial Chemistry Unit, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
  • 3Sekondi Palm Lands, Sekondi, Ghana.
  • 4Department of Chemical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.


In Ghana, fire incidents have become a regular occurrence, with thousands of lives and millions of dollars lost every year. Hardly a day passes without news of a fire outbreak in some part of Ghana, causing fear and panic among the people. This generates much discussion centering on rumors relating to politics, sabotage, misfortune, religious differences, etc. This article seeks to discuss the trend of fire incidents occurring in Ghana from 2000 to 2013 and the different ways to prevent these incidents.
The pattern of fire incidence in Ghana as a whole as well as in each region is discussed. The study took into consideration the causes, mechanisms, as well as preventive measures against the fire menace. Data were obtained from the head office of Ghana's national fire service.
It was noticed that in general the rate of fire incidence increased each year. This increase was attributed to several factors: rate of population growth and industrialization, unstable electricity, urbanization, negligence, illegal electrical connection, etc. The cause of fire was categorized into domestic, industrial, vehicular, institutional, electrical, commercial, bush, and others. Among these causes, domestic fire accounted for 41% of the total number of fire incidents in the country.
Finally, this study presents several recommendations to help prevent and mitigate fire incidents in Ghana.


cause of fire; fire development; fire in Ghana; prevention of fire
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