J Korean Acad Nurs.  2016 Aug;46(4):583-597. 10.4040/jkan.2016.46.4.583.

Effects on Stress, Problem Solving Ability and Quality of Life of as a Stress Management Program for Hospitalized Schizophrenic Patients: Based on the Stress, Appraisal-Coping Model of Lazarus & Folkman

Affiliations
  • 1Nursing Department, Munkyung College, Munkyung, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing & Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea. sung@gnu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The study was done to evaluate the effects a Stress Management Program (SMP) on stress, problem solving skills, and quality of life for hospitalized patients with Schizophrenia.
METHODS
A mixed method design was used: a combination of a repeated-measure design with a non-equivalent control group and qualitative data collection. The participants were 40 patients with schizophrenia admitted in three psychiatric hospitals. The experimental group (n=20) received the SMP twice a week for a total of 8 weeks.
RESULTS
Study results revealed that the SMP was effective for stress (F=321.02, p<.001), problem solving ability (F=246.28, p<.001), and quality of life (F=63.35,p<.001) for hospitalized persons with schizophrenia.
CONCLUSION
The results suggest that a SMP can be an effective strategy to reduce patients' hospitalization stress, and improve problem solving skills and quality of life. Therefore, it is recommended that mental health nurses use this stress management program in clinical practice to assist adaptation to hospitalization for persons with schizophrenia.

Keyword

Hospitalization; Schizophrenia; Stress; Problem solving; Quality of life

MeSH Terms

*Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Female
Hospitalization
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Theoretical
Patients
*Problem Solving
*Program Evaluation
Psychotherapy
*Quality of Life
Schizophrenia/*pathology
Schizophrenic Psychology
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