J Bone Metab.  2018 Aug;25(3):181-186. 10.11005/jbm.2018.25.3.181.

Relationship between Bone Density, Eating Habit, and Nutritional Intake in College Students

  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, Yeonsung University, Anyang, Korea.
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea. parky@sch.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea.


The importance of bone health is emphasized throughout the life cycle. Young adults have problems with bone health due to irregular lifestyle and unbalanced diet, but studies related to them are insufficient. The purpose of this study was to measure the bone mineral density (BMD) of college students and to analyze the differences in BMD according to lifestyle.
BMD was measured by bone ultrasound in 161 male and female college students. The questionnaire was surveyed about lifestyle, eating habits, and nutrient intake status.
Osteopenia was 8.8% in male and 10.8% in female. The body fat percentage of female was significantly higher than male. Male college students, smoking, fast food consumption, and overeating rate were significantly higher than female. Nutrient intake was not significantly different between male and female students. But energy and vitamin A and C levels were inadequate, and protein and sodium intake was excessive compared with the recommended nutrient intake for Koreans. BMD was significantly lowest in male who often intake fast food than male who did not intake at all or intake sometimes. Female who often intake fast food had significantly lower BMD than female who did not eat at all.
College students have different BMDs according to lifestyle. There was a difference in BMD according to smoking and fast food consumption.


Bone density; Habits; Nutritional status; Students
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