Clin Orthop Surg.  2018 Sep;10(3):315-321. 10.4055/cios.2018.10.3.315.

Does Obesity Affect Clinical and Radiological Outcomes in Minimally Invasive Total Knee Arthroplasty? Minimum 5-Year Follow-up of Minimally Invasive TKA in Obese Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea. almania@nhimc.or.kr
  • 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty (MIS-TKA) in obese patients.
METHODS
We examined the records of 371 cases of MIS-TKA performed using the mini-midvastus approach from January 2006 to December 2006. According to body mass index (BMI), the cases were classified into group A (BMI < 25 kg/m2, 114 knees), group B (25 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m2, 179 knees), and group C (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2, 78 knees). Clinical outcomes were measured with the Hospital for Special Surgery Score and Knee Society Score. Radiological evaluation included measurements of knee alignment.
RESULTS
MIS-TKA was performed on all patients. The skin incision size in group A, group B, and group C was 8.2 ± 0.8 cm, 8.3 ± 0.8 cm, and 8.5 ± 0.9 cm, respectively, and the operation time was 86.4 ± 10.4 minutes, 85.9 ± 11.3 minutes, and 89.0 ± 11.4 minutes, respectively, indicating no significant difference among the groups (p > 0.05). There was no difference in terms of the accuracy of the tibial implant alignment, with 97.6%, 95.2%, and 93.4% of each group showing 90°± 3° varus angulation (p > 0.05). With respect to the accuracy of the femorotibial angle, 93.9%, 94.6%, and 90.2% of each group had 6°± 3° valgus angulation, with group C demonstrating the lowest level of accuracy (p < 0.05). The preoperative range of motion and Knee Society Score of group C were less than those of groups A and B (p < 0.05), but there was no notable difference among groups at the postoperative 3-month and 1-year follow-ups (p > 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS
MIS-TKA in obese patients showed satisfactory clinical and radiological results without significant difference in surgical results compared to nonobese patients.

Keyword

Knee arthroplasty; Minimal invasive surgery; Body mass index

MeSH Terms

Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee*
Body Mass Index
Follow-Up Studies*
Humans
Knee
Obesity*
Range of Motion, Articular
Skin
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