J Korean Med Sci.  2018 Jul;33(31):e194. 10.3346/jkms.2018.33.e194.

Trend in Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) for Injuries in Korea: 2004–2012

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea. myda02@gmail.com
  • 2Laboratory of Emergency Medical Service, Seoul National University Hospital Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Injury is a major public health problem and accounts for 10% of the global burden of disease. This study intends to present the temporal trend in the injury burden in Korea and to compare the burden size by injury mechanism and age group.
METHODS
This study was a nationwide population-based observational study. We used two data sets, the death certificates statistics and the Korean National Hospital Discharge Survey data (2004-2012). We calculated age-standardized disability-adjusted life year (DALY) from years of life lost (YLL) and years lived with disability (YLD) and trend analysis.
RESULTS
The DALYs of road injury decreased (P = 0.002), falls did not exhibit a trend (P = 0.108), and self-harm increased overall (P = 0.045). In the road injury, the YLLs decreased across all 4 age groups (0-14, 15-49, 50-79, ≥ 80) and the YLDs decreased in the 0-14-year-old group. In total, the DALYs of road injuries decreased in the 0-14-year-old group. In the fall injury, although the YLLs decreased in the over 80-year-old group, the YLDs increased in the 50-79-year-old group and the over 80-year-old group. The burden of self-harm injury was high in the age group 15 years and over, especially in the 15-49-year-old group.
CONCLUSION
The leading causes of the injury burden were road injuries, falls, and self-harm. The burden of road injury and self-harm have recently shown a gradual decreasing tendency. On the other hands, that of fall injuries are continually high in the age group over 50 years of age.

Keyword

Injuries; Trends; Global Burden of Disease; Falls; Suicide; Traffic Accidents
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