Asian Nurs Res.  2017 Sep;11(3):166-173. 10.1016/j.anr.2017.06.001.

Community Capacity Building Exercise Maintenance Program for Frail Elderly Women

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Suseong University, Daegu, South Korea.
  • 2Graduate School, College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea. sy0340@naver.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of community capacity building exercise maintenance program for frail elderly women.
METHODS
A quasiexperimental pretest-posttest design was used with nonequivalent control group. The experimental group (n = 22) received community capacity building exercise maintenance program, whereas the control group (n = 23) received health physical exercise program for 16 sessions over 8 weeks. The data of physical fitness, body compositions, self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life were collected three times for both group: before the intervention, immediately after the intervention, and 8 weeks after the intervention. Analyses were conducted using χ2 test, t test, Fisher's exact test, and repeated measures analysis of variance.
RESULTS
Compared to the control group, muscular strength (p = .002), static balance (p = .013), muscular endurance (p = .003), self-efficacy (p < .001), and health-related quality of life (p = .030) were significantly improved in the experimental group. In addition, body fat percentage (p = .005) in this group was significantly decreased after the community capacity building exercise maintenance program.
CONCLUSION
Theses results indicated that a community capacity building exercise maintenance program is feasible, and associated with exercise maintenance among frail elderly women.

Keyword

elderly; community; exercise; maintenance

MeSH Terms

Adipose Tissue
Aged
Body Composition
Capacity Building*
Exercise
Female
Frail Elderly*
Humans
Physical Fitness
Quality of Life
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