Obstet Gynecol Sci.  2018 May;61(3):379-385. 10.5468/ogs.2018.61.3.379.

Influence of previous abdominal surgery on clinical outcomes of patients undergoing total laparoscopic hysterectomy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University, Incheon, Korea. clover@hanmail.net

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
To evaluate the potential effects of previous abdominal surgery on post-operative outcome and incidence of complications after total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH).
METHODS
Between June 2008 and December 2016, 331 patients who underwent TLH were retrospectively reviewed. Participating patients were divided into 2 groups according to previous abdominal surgery. We compared the 2 groups based on estimated blood loss, operation time, hospital stay, surgery-related complications, and conversion to laparotomy rates.
RESULTS
Group 1 included patients without a history of abdominal surgery (n=186), group 2 included patients with a history of abdominal surgery (n=145). The complication rate was 3.2% in group 1 and 2.8% in group 2. Other post-operative outcome and complications such as estimated blood loss, hospital stay and conversion to laparotomy rates did not differ significantly between groups. Adhesiolysis was significantly more common in group 2 (P < 0.001) and operation time was significantly longer in the group 2 (P=0.004). The rate of conversion to laparotomy was higher in group 2, but this difference was not significant (P=0.115). Group 2 patients were divided into subgroups according to the number of surgery. In subgroups analysis of group 2, there were 70 patients who had one previous abdominal surgery and 75 patients who had 2 or more previous surgeries. Moreover, there were significant differences in adhesiolysis (P=0.004) and conversion to laparotomy (P=0.034). There were no significant differences in other complications observed upon subgroup analysis.
CONCLUSION
TLH can be conducted successfully regardless of previous abdominal surgery. Patients with previous abdominal surgery are suitable and feasible candidates for TLH.

Keyword

Laparoscopy; Hysterectomy; Postoperative complications
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