Health Commun.  2018 Jun;13(1):63-69. 10.15715/kjhcom.2018.13.1.63.

The Effects of Simulation-based Practice Program on Self-Efficacy, Critical Thinking Disposition, and Problem Solving Process of the Nursing Students

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Kosin University, Korea. Joy1763@kosin.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Nursing, Busan institute of science and technology, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a simulation-based practice program on nursing students' self-efficacy, critical thinking disposition and problem solving process. METHOD: A quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group pre-post test, design was used. A total of 111 students, 53 students for the experimental group and 58 students for the control group. The experimental group participated in the program for 30 hours during 4 days. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, X2-test, Fisher's exact probability test, and t-test.
RESULTS
The results showed that the simulation-based practice program significantly improved self - efficacy and critical thinking disposition of nursing students. However, there was no significant difference in the problem solving process.
CONCLUSION
Therefore, to promote self-efficacy and critical thinking disposition in nursing students, it is necessary to actively use simulation-based practice program. To improve the problem solving process in the future, it is necessary to apply the simulation-based practice program to the nursing curriculum continuously and to use it considering sufficient education periods.

Keyword

Critical Thinking; Nursing Students; Self-Efficacy; Simulation
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