Korean J Med Educ.  2017 Jun;29(2):93-100. 10.3946/kjme.2017.56.

Flipped-learning course design and evaluation through student self-assessment in a predental science class

Affiliations
  • 1Office of Dental Education, Seoul National University School of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Seoul National University Education Research Institute, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Oral Biochemistry, Seoul National University School of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea. sangho@snu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study explores how to design a flipped classroom for a predental science course and evaluate its course through student self-assessment in order to provide practical implications for flipped learning in an undergraduate level.
METHODS
Second- and third-year predental students in the Seoul National University School of Dentistry enrolled in Biodiversity and Global Environment, a 15-week, three-credit course based on a flipped learning model. At the end of the course, the students were asked to rate their self-directed learning, attitude toward social media, discussion skills, learning readiness, and class satisfaction. Out of the 82 predental students, 61 (74.3%) answered the survey. Pearson correlation and multivariate regression analyses were employed to examine the relationship between the self-rated measurements and the performance scores.
RESULTS
The majority of the students felt somewhat more prepared than the medium level before the class (mean score of 3.17 out of 5.00), whereas they expressed relatively low preference concerning social media use and attitude (mean score of 2.49). Thus, it was found that learning readiness was significantly associated with both discussion skills and class satisfaction. In particular, multivariate regression analysis confirmed that learning readiness had a significant influence on learning outcomes.
CONCLUSION
This study offered insights into how to design a flipped learning course in terms of predental students' preference and their learning readiness. Although learning success in a flipped classroom depends on the students' self-perceived level of preparedness, much still remains to be achieved in order to apply social media benefits in a flipped learning context.

Keyword

Learning readiness; Social media attitude; Flipped learning
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