Korean J Radiol.  2018 Aug;19(4):632-655. 10.3348/kjr.2018.19.4.632.

2017 Thyroid Radiofrequency Ablation Guideline: Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology

  • 1Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul 03080, Korea.
  • 2Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul 05505, Korea. radbaek@naver.com
  • 3Department of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul 04401, Korea.
  • 4Department of Radiology and Thyroid Center, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul 06973, Korea.
  • 5Department of Radiology, Haeundae Sharing and Happiness Hospital, Busan 48101, Korea.
  • 6Department of Radiology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul 03181, Korea.
  • 7Department of Radiology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon 16499, Korea.
  • 8Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, School of Medicine, Seoul 06351, Korea.
  • 9Department of Radiology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea.
  • 10Department of Radiolgy, Incheon Medical Center, Incheon 22532, Korea.
  • 11Department of Radiology, Human Medical Imaging and Intervention Center, Seoul 06524, Korea.
  • 12Department of Radiology, New Korea Hospital, Kimpo 10086, Korea.
  • 13Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam 13620, Korea.
  • 14Department of Radiology, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang 10408, Korea.
  • 15Department of Radiology, Sheikh Khalifa Specialty Hospital, Ras al Khaimah, UAE.
  • 16Department of Radiology, Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Ansan 15355, Korea.
  • 17Department of Radiology, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Hanyang University Hospital, Seoul 04763, Korea.
  • 18Department of Imaging, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA.
  • 19Department of Radiology and Thyroid Center, Daerim St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul 07442, Korea.
  • 20Department of Radiology, Withsim Clinic, Seongnam 13590, Korea.
  • 21Division for Healthcare Technology Assessment Research, National Evidence-based Healthcare Collaborating Agency, Seoul 04554, Korea.
  • 22Department of Radiology, GangNeung Asan Hospital, Gangneung 25440, Korea.


Thermal ablation using radiofrequency is a new, minimally invasive modality employed as an alternative to surgery in patients with benign thyroid nodules and recurrent thyroid cancers. The Task Force Committee of the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) developed recommendations for the optimal use of radiofrequency ablation for thyroid tumors in 2012. As new meaningful evidences have accumulated, KSThR decided to revise the guidelines. The revised guideline is based on a comprehensive analysis of the current literature and expert consensus.


Thyroid; Ultrasound; Radiofrequency ablation; RF ablation; Thyroid recurrent cancers; Guideline

MeSH Terms

Advisory Committees
Catheter Ablation*
Thyroid Gland*
Thyroid Neoplasms
Thyroid Nodule
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