Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol.  2018 Jun;11(2):81-88. 10.21053/ceo.2018.00031.

A Systematic Review of Benefit of Silicone Intubation in Endoscopic Dacryocystorhinostomy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Cheongju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, Korea. hahnjin2@naver.com
  • 3Department of Family Medicine, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Cheongju, Korea.
  • 4Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
Insertion of a silicone stent during endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is the most common procedure to prevent rhinostomy closure. It has been claimed that silicone intubation improves the surgical outcomes of endoscopic DCR. However, many reports have documented an equally high success rate for surgery without silicone intubation. Accordingly, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the outcomes of endoscopic DCR with and without silicone intubation and determine whether silicone intubation is actually beneficial for patients.
METHODS
PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched to identify relevant controlled trials evaluating endoscopic DCR with and without silicone intubation. The search was restricted to English articles published between January 2007 and December 2016. Relevant articles were reviewed to obtain information pertaining to interventions and outcomes. We also performed a meta-analysis of the relevant literature.
RESULTS
In total, 1,216 patients included in 12 randomized controlled trials were pooled. A total of 1,239 endoscopic DCR procedures were performed, and silicone stents were used in 533 procedures. The overall success rate for endoscopic DCR was 91.9% (1,139/1,239), while the success rates with and without silicone intubation were 92.9% (495/533) and 91.2% (644/706), respectively. There was no statistically significant heterogeneity among the included studies. A meta-analysis using a fixed-effects models showed no significant difference in the success rate between endoscopic DCR with silicone intubation and that without silicone intubation (OR, 1.38; 95% CI, 0.89 to 2.12; P=0.148; z=1.45). Furthermore, there were no significant differences with regard to surgical complications such as synechia, granulation, and postoperative bleeding.
CONCLUSION
The findings of our meta-analysis suggest that the success rate and postoperative complication rate for endoscopic DCR is not influenced by the use of silicone intubation during the procedure.

Keyword

Meta-Analysis; Dacryocystorhinostomy; Endoscopy; Silicones; Failure

MeSH Terms

Dacryocystorhinostomy*
Endoscopy
Hemorrhage
Humans
Intubation*
Population Characteristics
Postoperative Complications
Silicon*
Silicones*
Stents
Silicon
Silicones
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