Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci.  2018 May;16(2):161-167. 10.9758/cpn.2018.16.2.161.

Evaluation of Relationship between Obsessive-compulsive Disorder and Dissociative Experiences

Affiliations
  • 1Psychiatry Clinic, Medikar Private Hospital, Karabuk, Turkey. drmustafatatli@yahoo.com
  • 2Psychiatry Clinic, Bakırkoy Mazhar Osman Mental Health and Neurological Diseases Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
  • 3Department of Child Development, Kırklareli University, Kırklareli, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to evaluate the relationship between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms and dissociative experiences and the effect of childhood traumatic experiences on this relationship in OCD patients.
METHODS
Fifty consecutive OCD patients and 50 healthy controls are enrolled for this study. Sociodemographic and Clinical Data Form, Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), Padua Inventory (PI) and Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) are applied to participants.
RESULTS
Average DES total score in the patient group is 20.58 and in the control group it is 4.87. In the patient group, when we evaluate the relation strengths of DES total and subscale scores with PI total score, we found out that amnesia subscale has r=0.361 (p<0.01), absorption subscale has r=0.611 (p<0.01), depersonalization/derealization subscale has r=0.574 (p<0.01), and DES total score has r=0.55 (p<0.01) relation strengths with PI total score. In patient group both DES total score and CTQ total score have influence on PI total score independently from each other. In addition to this, the level of the influence of DES total scores on PI total scores is, R2=0.399 (p<0.01) and the level of the influence of CTQ total scores on PI total scores is R2=0.343 (p<0.01).
CONCLUSION
Dissociative experiences are seen more frequently in OCD patients than healthy controls. Among dissociative experiences, absorption has stronger relation with OCD symptoms. The relation between OCD and dissociation is independent from and stronger than the relation between childhood traumatic experiences and OCD.

Keyword

Obsessive-compulsive disorder; Dissociation; Trauma
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