Clin Orthop Surg.  2017 Dec;9(4):420-423. 10.4055/cios.2017.9.4.420.

Trend in the Age-Adjusted Incidence of Hip Fractures in South Korea: Systematic Review

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea. mkh1040@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The incidence of hip fractures has been reported to vary geographically, and its trend has also varied widely. However, the trend in the age-adjusted incidence of hip fractures has not been well studied in Korea. After we identified eligible studies presenting multiple age-adjusted incidences of hip fractures in the Korean population in PubMed, we evaluated changes in the absolute number of occurrence and calculated the annual percentage change (APC) of age-adjusted incidences of hip fractures.
METHODS
We have searched PubMed for the original and English-language literature on the incidence of hip fractures in the Korean population published since 2000. The studies presenting multiple age-adjusted incidences of hip fractures were selected. We evaluated the change in the absolute number of hip fractures and calculated the APC of age-adjusted incidences of hip fractures for each study.
RESULTS
Three eligible articles were identified. The absolute number of hip fractures for both genders increased over time in all three studies although the operational definition of hip fracture differed from one another. The APC of the age-adjusted incidence of hip fractures was positive for women and negative for men. However, the change was not statistically significant in both genders during each study period (2001-2004, 2005-2008, and 2006-2010, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS
The age-adjusted incidence of hip fractures was stable among men and women, while the absolute number of hip fractures increased for both genders in Korea. Further studies with longer study periods on age-adjusted incidences are required to better determine the trend in the incidence of hip fractures in Korea.

Keyword

Hip fracture; Incidence; Age groups; Korea

MeSH Terms

Age Factors
Hip Fractures/*epidemiology
Humans
Incidence
Republic of Korea/epidemiology
Sex Factors

Figure

  • Fig. 1 Flowchart showing the search strategy to identify studies of age-adjusted incidence of hip fractures in Korea.

  • Fig. 2 Absolute number of hip fractures in Korea.


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